Laparoscopic sterilisation


Laparoscopic sterilisation

Laparoscopic sterilization is a safe and effective method that provides permanent birth control for women. In the process of laparoscopic sterilization, the doctor removes the fallopian tubes or obstructs them. It prevents the sperm from reaching the eggs and fertilizing them, thereby preventing conception and pregnancy.

Fallopian tubes also called uterine tubes, are present on either side of the uterus and extend towards the ovaries. They aid in transporting the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. But once the fallopian tubes are closed or obstructed, the sperms find no other way to reach the eggs to fertilize them.

Although there are different ways of sterilization, laparoscopic sterilization is a highly safe and effective way. Since it is a minimally invasive technique, small incisions are made near the navel. It not only reduces the recovery period but also eliminates the chances of risks and complications. Moreover, women can leave the hospital within a few hours of surgery.

What is the procedure of laparoscopic sterilization?

The following steps are involved in laparoscopic sterilization-

  • The doctor will inject an intravenous line and give general anesthesia to the patient before starting the surgery. It will relax your muscles and prevent any discomfort or pain during the surgery.
  • A speculum is inserted gently through the vagina that will position the uterus at the right place needed during the surgery.
  • The doctor will make a small incision near the navel and insert a laparoscope, which is a thin tube equipped with a small camera.
  • The abdomen is inflated with air that helps in getting a clear view of the organs inside the uterus.
  • Later, a special device will be inserted through another incision made near the pubic line that will grasp the fallopian tubes and seal or remove them.
  • Once the fallopian tubes are sealed or removed, all the special instruments are removed, and the incisions are covered or stitched. The entire procedure takes around 1 to 2 hours, depending upon the complexity of the surgery.

What are the benefits of laparoscopic sterilization?

  • Shorter recovery period
  • Faster healing
  • Safe and convenient
  • Minimum chances of risks or complications
  • Safe and effective sterilization procedure that prevents pregnancy permanently

What is the recovery period?

The recovery period is shorter in laparoscopic sterilization; however, you need to follow certain instructions as advised by the doctor. Some of them are the following-

  • Avoid alcohol for at least 24 hours after the surgery
  • Avoid tub bath or swimming, however, taking a shower is allowed
  • Do not lift heavy objects
  • Prevent doing strenuous exercises for about 2 to 3 weeks
  • Take the medications as indicated

You may feel a little nauseous and experience mild pain in the abdomen. The doctor will prescribe you medicines to overcome the same. Likewise, you may have a sore throat that will subside with time.

You will experience vaginal bleeding up to one month after the surgery, which is completely normal. Some women may not get their period for the next 5 to 6 weeks too. When the menstruation resume, it might be a little discomforting and painful. However, these are the common symptoms after the laparoscopic sterilization that will go away on their own.

You can resume work after three to four days of the surgery. Contact the doctor immediately if the symptoms get severe.

Dr. Sumina Reddy is one of the best gynecologists in Hyderabad. With years of experience and profound knowledge, she can deal with any complex gynecological case easily. She has dealt with many cases of laparoscopic sterilization successfully.

Visit Dr. Sumina Reddy Clinic to know more about laparoscopic sterilization.