Laparoscopic ectopic pregnancy management


Laparoscopic ectopic pregnancy management

Laparoscopic management of ectopic pregnancy is an effective and safe way to treat pregnancy complications that may arise due to ectopic pregnancy. Before we know more about the laparoscopic management of ectopic pregnancy, let’s find out what is an ectopic pregnancy.

What is an ectopic pregnancy?

Normally, when an egg fertilizes, it attaches itself to the lining of the uterus and develops there. However, in certain cases, the egg implants outside the cavity of the uterus and start growing. It is called an ectopic pregnancy.

Generally, the ectopic pregnancy occurs in the fallopian tube. The function of the fallopian tube is to carry the eggs from the ovary to the uterus. In some cases, when the fallopian tube fails to transfer the egg to the uterus, the egg implants in it and start to develop. This type of ectopic pregnancy is called a tubal pregnancy.

Other than the fallopian tube, the ectopic pregnancy may also occur in other areas around the uterus. It could be ovary, abdominal cavity, or the lower part of the uterus that is the cervix, which connects the uterus to the vagina.

An ectopic pregnancy cannot proceed because the fertilized egg cannot survive anywhere other than the uterus. The tissues surrounding the egg will not provide enough blood supply and structural support to promote the growth of the placenta and the developing fetus.

When the egg starts developing the growing tissues may cause a life-threatening problem. Generally, between the 6th and 10th week, the fallopian tube may rupture. It results in heavy bleeding that could be fatal. Therefore, timely treatment of ectopic pregnancy is very important.

What are the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy?

Women with an ectopic pregnancy may not feel any specific symptom that will tell about it. The normal pregnancy symptoms will arise initially with a missed period like nausea, morning sickness, breast tenderness, etc. The test with the pregnancy kit will also show positive.

However, in spite of all these, an ectopic pregnancy will not continue as a normal pregnancy. Slowly, pelvic pain accompanied by light vaginal bleeding may give a slight hint about the chances of having an ectopic pregnancy. When the blood leaks from the fallopian tube, severe abdominal pain, and a high urge to have a bowel movement will increase. You may also have high pelvic discomfort.

How the laparoscopic procedure manages ectopic pregnancy?

Laparoscopic surgery can treat ectopic pregnancy. In the procedure, a small incision is made in the abdomen near the navel. The doctors will pass a thin tube equipped with a camera and light, called the laparoscope. It helps them to take a view of the tubal area.

The ectopic pregnancy is removed, and the tube is repaired. Sometimes there is a need for removal of the tube instead of repairing. Your doctor will decide whether removal is essential or repairing, which depends upon the amount of bleeding and damage or rupture of the fallopian tube done. In the case of the rupture of the tube, immediate surgery is required with a larger cut.

Are there any risks involved?

Laparoscopic ectopic pregnancy management is a minimally invasive technique. However, being a surgical procedure, it involves a few risks like infection and bleeding. Therefore, it is essential to consult only a highly experienced surgeon to rule out the chances of complications.

Dr. Sumina Reddy is one of the best gynecologists in Hyderabad. With years of experience and profound knowledge, she can deal with any complex gynecological case easily. She has dealt with many cases of ectopic pregnancy successfully.

Visit Dr. Sumina Reddy Clinic to know more about laparoscopic ectopic pregnancy management.