Hysteroscopic polypectomy


Hysteroscopic polypectomy

Hysteroscopic polypectomy is a minimally invasive technique that is performed to remove uterine polyps from the uterus, also called endometrial polyps. Such polyps are the common cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding among premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

What are endometrial polyps, and how do they form?

There are two types of tissues in the uterus- the lining tissue, also called the endometrium and muscle tissue, also called the myometrium. When there is an abnormal growth of cells, forming finger-like projections in the endometrium, it is called endometrium polyps.

Most of the time, these polyps are benign, which is non-cancerous. However, the chances of them having malignant or pre-malignant cells are also there that are cancerous; it is suggested to remove them as soon as possible.

Who can have endometrial polyps, and what are the symptoms?

Endometrial polyps can form in both postmenopausal and premenopausal women. The chances of developing such abnormal outgrowths in the uterus increase with age. While some women may experience heavy menstrual bleeding, in some, it remains symptomless. They may show up in pelvic ultrasound done for some other ailment or incidental finding on a CT scan.

How are endometrial polyps treated?

Once diagnosed, the endometrial polyps are needed to be removed. The diagnosis and treatment are done with the help of hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopic polypectomy is one of the best and safest methods to get rid of polyps from the lining of the uterus.

How is Hysteroscopic polypectomy done?

  • The doctor will take your physical examination and study medical history. One the basis of the severity of the issue, the date of surgery will be fixed.
  • On the day of surgery, the doctor will give you general anesthesia.
  • A long and thin instrument, hysteroscope, will be passed into the uterus through the vagina and cervical canal that will remove the polyps. Hysteroscope is a surgical telescope that helps the doctor to get a clearer view of the uterus.
  • If the polyps are small, the hysteroscope will shave them off or extract them.

Once the surgery is done, the doctor will keep you under observation for one day in the hospital. The temperature, pulse, blood pressure, etc. will be monitored continuously. If everything seems fine, the doctor will discharge you on the next day.

What are the benefits of Hysteroscopic polypectomy?

  • It is a minimally invasive technique that does not involve cuts or stitches in the abdomen.
  • The entire procedure completes within 1 to 2 hours, depending upon the number of polyps present in the uterus lining.
  • It is the only way to diagnose certain medical conditions.

Are there any risks involved?

Being a surgical procedure, there are chances of certain risks, which are very few. You may get an infection in the urinary tract. The doctors will keep you under antibiotics before and after the surgery. Injury in the surrounding tissues may also occur, but the chances are very rare. The doctor will give further treatment if any such thing happens.

Therefore, it is very important to consult and get treatment from a well experienced and qualified doctor. It will eliminate the chances of any potential risks or dangers in the surgery. Dr. Sumina Reddy is one of the best gynecologists in Hyderabad. With years of experience and profound knowledge, she can deal with any complex gynecological case easily.

Visit Dr. Sumina Reddy Clinic to know more about endometrial polyps and Hysteroscopic polypectomy.