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Laparoscopy is a way of doing surgery using small incisions or cut (usually no more than 1/2 inch long). Whereas in an open surgery, an incision that can be several inches long in the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery sometimes is called “Minimally Invasive Surgery.”
Laparoscopic surgery uses a special instrument called as laparoscope. It has a camera attached to it that allows the doctor to view the abdominal and pelvic organs on an electronic screen. If the problem needs to be fixed, other instruments can also be used. These instruments usually are inserted through a additional small incisions in the abdomen.
Diagnostic hysterolaparoscopy is an accurate method for assessing and treating infertility. In this procedure, a small telescope-like tube called a laparoscope is inserted to assess the structures outside the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and internal pelvic area. It is an efficient diagnostic tool for evaluating certain significant and correctable tubo-peritoneal and intrauterine pathologies like peritoneal endometriosis, adnexal adhesions, and subseptate uterus, which are normally missed by other imaging modalities.
Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that uses small incisions in the lower abdomen to help remove cystic swellings from the ovaries. Most cysts are do not cause any symptoms. Sometimes, they may cause symptoms of an ovarian cyst include discomforting pelvic pain, especially during the period of the menstrual cycle or sexual intercourse, mass palpable on the abdomen.
Laparoscopic myomectomy is a minimally invasive procedure where the surgeon accesses fibroids and removes them through several small abdominal incisions. This procedure when performed by a skilled surgeon is a considerably safe technique with an extremely low failure rate. It offers many advantages compared to an open abdominal surgical technique such as enhanced recovery, shorter hospital stay, and reduced adhesions. Modern techniques like in-bag morcellation can further enhance the outcomes of the surgery.
Ectopic pregnancy is the foremost cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, the incidence rate rising worldwide. Laparoscopy has been used in identifying cases of ectopic pregnancy for numerous years and is currently being used with increasing frequency in the surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy.
A laparoscopic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves removal of the uterus. They are found to be associated with decreased blood loss, shorter hospital stays and fewer abdominal wall infections in comparison to abdominal hysterectomies.
Laparoscopic ovarian drilling is a surgical treatment that triggers ovulation in women having Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Electrocautery or a laser is used to obliterate parts of puncture the cysts in the ovaries. This procedure is usually performed through a small incision (laparoscopy), under general anaesthesia.
The procedure of tubal sterilization varies according to the proficiency available from fimbriectomy to classical Pomeroy's to laparoscopic fallope ring sterilization.
Minimally invasive laparoscopic microsurgery has introduced a new dimension for tubal reconstruction as the magnification obtained is similar to that obtained with an operating microscope. Reversal of sterilization can be achieved with much better results than abdominal recanalization.
Laparoscopic pelvic floor repair refers to the use of laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery for rectification of pelvic organ prolapse. It is a safe durable method for reconstructing the contents of the pelvic floor without needing larger abdominal incisions.
Operative hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive gynaecological procedure in which an endoscope is inserted through the cervix into the endometrial cavity to direct treatment of a variety of intrauterine pathologies like submucous fibroids, endometrial polyps, uterine septum, intra-uterine adhesions.